Jet Streams
Due to Earth's rotation, these air currents often move from West to East. If an airplane is flying in the same direction as a jet stream, it may save time and fuel, but if it is flying against a jet stream, it will encounter extreme turbulence and might be damaged.
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Why can't you fly east to west?

Jet Setter

The rotation of the Earth pushes these winds into swirling patterns — the same type of action that takes place for hurricanes. In the Northern Hemisphere, the jet stream flows toward the east, giving a boost to eastward flights and working against westward flights.
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Why can't you fly in the opposite direction?

The reason is something called 'inertia. ' The Earth is rotating and always spins toward the east. Suppose you're about to take off in an airplane, in that same direction. Whether you realize it or not – as you sit on the runway – your plane is already moving at the same speed Earth spins.
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Why do flights only go east?

Since the jet stream winds go from west to east, airplanes flying eastward can take advantage of the fast moving winds and hitch a ride on this atmospheric river. However, a plane flying to the west would be going against the winds.
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Why is it harder to fly east than west?

Since the jet streams flow from west to east, they make one leg of the journey much faster (when flying with the stream) and one slower (against the stream). Imagine going downstream or upstream a river, or how it feels when you are cycling against the wind, as opposed to when you have it at your back.
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We Flew Spirit and Discovered Why Flying Keeps Getting Worse

Why can t airlines just fly eastward from Russia for example to the usa?

There are several reasons why, but the big two are to do with the curvature of the earth and the jet streams. Guessing that it was a safety precaution wouldn't be entirely wrong either, as when planning a route many pilots prefer to maximize the number of airports along their flight path.
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How do planes fly if the earth rotates?

Aircraft move through the atmosphere with the Earth's rotation, so its speed is not affected . What would affect aircraft speed is the wind at that altitude, which can cause a flight from London to New Jersey to be two hours longer than the other way.
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Why are planes not allowed to fly over the north and South Pole?

Thanks to the low visibility and undeveloped infrastructure, flying over Antarctica is extremely difficult. Specifically, because of the strong magnetic fields that surround the polar regions, navigating there, no matter how well-equipped the airplane is in terms of instrumentation, can be particularly challenging.
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Why can't we fly with wings?

We cannot create enough lift to overcome the force of gravity (or our weight). It's not only wings that allow birds to fly. Their light frame and hollow bones make it easier to counteract gravity. Air sacs inside their bodies make birds lighter, which enables smoother motion through air.
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What is the longest flight in the world?

What is the longest flight in the world by distance? The longest flight in the world by distance is New York (JFK) to Singapore (SIN) on Singapore Airlines clocking in at 9,537 miles. What plane can fly the farthest in the world?
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Why can't you fly west to Japan?

The primary reason airplanes don't fly over the Pacific Ocean is because curved routes are shorter than straight routes. Flat maps are somewhat confusing because the Earth itself isn't flat. Rather, it's spherical. As a result, straight routes don't offer the shortest distance between two locations.
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Is it safer to fly over water or land?

As a result, flying over water really is no riskier than flying over land.
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Can a plane land in the ocean?

Seaplanes, such as floatplanes and flying boats, land on water as a normal operation. Ditching is a controlled emergency landing on the water surface in an aircraft not designed for the purpose, a very rare occurrence.
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Is turbulence worse flying east or west?

When flying east to west, there is more turbulence. The jet streams blow against the airplane which results in strong headwinds blowing against the turbines, creating turbulence. Jet streams are high-altitude air currents caused by Earth's rotation and atmospheric heating.
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Can you fly from Alaska to Russia?

Bering Air flies from Alaska to Provideniya, Anadyr, Magadan and Petropavlovsk. Please contact us for any other destinations. What kind of airplane does Bering Air fly to Russia? Bering Air has a wide range of passenger and cargo aircraft to meet your flight requirements.
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Why is it illegal to fly over Antarctica?

Antarctica is considered a no fly zone because it is the most remote and isolated continent on Earth. It has an extreme climate, with temperatures that can reach as low as -89 degrees Celsius in some areas.
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Why does no one fly over Antarctica?

The main reason why planes don't fly over Antarctica is due to ETOPS (Extended-range Twin-engine Operations Performance Standards) which places limitations on how far a twin-engine aircraft can fly from diversion airports.
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Why aren t people allowed in Antarctica?

Due to harsh conditions, extreme weather and no permanent population on the continent there are no regular passenger flights to Antarctica. Most flights transport research personnel and supply the bases. The lack of infrastructure makes it difficult to recover a stranded aircraft in case of an emergency.
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Would we go flying if the Earth stopped spinning?

If the Earth stopped spinning, you wouldn't suddenly be launched off into space. Gravity would still keep you firmly on the ground. There would be lots of changes, though. If Earth were to stop spinning but continue to orbit the Sun, a “day” would last half a year, and so would the night.
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Why don't we feel the Earth if it is rotating?

Earth spins on its axis once in every 24-hour day. At Earth's equator, the speed of Earth's spin is about 1,000 miles per hour (1,600 kph). You don't feel Earth spinning because you and everything else including Earth's oceans and atmosphere are spinning along with the Earth at the same constant speed.
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Why do we not feel the speed of a plane?

Short answer: Because we're moving at the same velocity as the Earth, in the same way that passengers inside an airplane don't feel movement because they're moving with the same velocity as the plane.
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Do countries get paid for airspace?

Airlines pay a fee to fly over other countries. They're called overflight fees. Just as countries have rights to their land, they have rights to the air above them. Most countries "rent" that airspace to foreign airlines, allowing them to fly through it.
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What is the longest flight over water?

The longest over water route in the world is the stretch between the U.S. mainland and Hawaii. Even between Hawaii and Tokyo there are alternate airports available, such as Midway Island (hence the name “Midway”). Going across the North Atlantic, alternates include Iceland and Greenland.
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Do airlines have to pay to fly over countries?

Airlines pay overflight fees to the governments of each country they fly over on their routes. This covers the use of air traffic control and other navigation services.
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